High Blood Pressure Specialist
What Is High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a problem that affects the arteries in your body. Blood pressure is the ratio of how much blood your heart pumps to the resistance of blood flow. When a person has high blood pressure, the heart has to work harder to pump blood through the body because there is more resistance in the arteries.
High blood pressure is measured in systolic (the pressure when your heart beats) and diastolic (the pressure when your heart is resting) rates. A normal blood pressure has a systolic measure of 120 and a diastolic measure of 80. High blood pressure levels start at 140 over 90.
What Are the Symptoms of High Blood Pressure?
Usually, there are not many symptoms of high blood pressure, which is why it is known as a silent killer. Some people may feel shortness of breath with minimal exertion or have frequent headaches or nosebleeds. However, these symptoms usually occur whenever high blood pressure has reached a very high and life-threatening level.
What Are the Causes of High Blood Pressure?
There is no one identifiable cause of high blood pressure in adults. Typical risk factors include smoking, being overweight and sedentary, consuming too much salt and alcohol, stress, and getting older.
Genetics also play an important role in blood pressure. If you have a family history of hypertension, then you will be much more likely to develop it yourself. Certain disease and their treatments can cause high blood pressure, including kidney disease, thyroid disorders, and sleep apnea.
What Is the Treatment for High Blood Pressure?
Changing your lifestyle by eating healthier and exercising is the best way to treat high blood pressure. One of the most commonly followed diet for patients with high blood pressure is called DASH diet. Doctors may also prescribe certain medications such as thiazide diuretics or beta blockers to help lower your levels.
What is DASH Diet?
The DASH Diet, which stands for dietary approaches to stop hypertension, is promoted by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to do exactly that: stop (or prevent) hypertension, aka high blood pressure. It emphasizes the foods you’ve always been told to eat (fruits, veggies, whole grains, lean protein and low-fat dairy), which are high in blood pressure-deflating nutrients like potassium, calcium, protein and fiber. DASH also discourages foods that are high in saturated fat, such as fatty meats, full-fat dairy foods and tropical oils, as well as sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets. Following DASH also means capping sodium at 2,300 milligrams a day, which followers will eventually lower to about 1,500 milligrams.